Vein disease affects approximately 80 million Americans, most of whom don't seek medical attention until the condition is too advanced and the pain is unbearable. Of interest is that most vein conditions are treatable using simple and minimally invasive procedures that work almost all the time.
The most common types of vein disease can all be narrowed down into two inclusive categories:
- Venous insufficiency
Here's everything you need to know about these two categories of vein disease.
Thrombosis exists in two main forms – deep vein thrombosis and superficial thrombophlebitis – both of which involve clotting of blood in legs as a result of prolonged physical inactivity, cancer, genetic traits, pregnancy and a host of other less frequent causes.
Superficial Thrombophlebitis - Superficial thrombophlebitis is the more common form of thrombosis and can occur deep in the limb or just under the skin where it is visible like varicose veins. Redness on the limb along the affected vein together with inflammation are among the most obvious signs of the condition. Individuals who have it may frequently feel abnormal tenderness and warmth in the leg around the point where the clot has formed.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) – Locating symptoms of deep vein thrombosis may not be easy for both the patient and the vein specialist, which makes diagnosis of the condition particularly problematic. Basically, this is what makes DVT a bigger problem to deal with than superficial thrombophlebitis. Common symptoms may include uncomfortable leg fullness, pressure, swelling and pain in the ball of the foot when walking.
Inherited genetic clotting has been identified by vein specialists as the main culprit behind primary deep vein thrombosis. Secondary DVT, on the other hand, has mainly preventable causes.
You're more likely to develop venous insufficiency than thrombosis, though the latter is the greater threat to your health. Venous insufficiency is caused by blood clots and structural abnormalities in veins that are either inherited or acquired. It can be broken down on basis of severity into two categories: superficial venous insufficiency and chronic venous insufficiency.
Superficial venous insufficiency – This is sometimes referred to as varicose veins and is arguably the most common type of vein disease. It affects veins that lie just under the skin surface and that can be treated using a number of procedures that can be performed in one appointment at the doctor's office.
Varicose veins are caused by the malfunctioning of the valves which causes blood backflow. The pools that form as a result of this are what is visible on the surface of the leg as blue or purple bulging veins.
Chronic venous insufficiency – This is caused when there is prolonged inadequacy in drainage from veins in the limbs. Common signs include coarse skin texture, darkened patches on the leg, pain and leg swelling.
Get Treated For Vein Disease Today
While most vein diseases are rarely life-threatening, you may still want to have yours treated to avoid complications and for cosmetic reasons. Contact the El Paso Vein Center today for guidance and treatment from qualified vein specialists.